Dussehra, also famous as Vijayadashmi, is a main Indian festival celebrated on the tenth day of Ashvin month according to the Hindu chart. This day falls in the month of September or October. The day ends a 9 day fasting period of Navratri in the Hindu philosophy. The day also coincides with involvement of the idol of Goddess Durga. The day is renowned to commemorate the killing of Ravana by Lord Rama. The day also commemorates the killing of monster Mahishasur by Goddess Durga. Dussehra festival spreads the message of the victory of good over sin.
It is said that the merriment of Dussehra ongoing in the 17th century, when the king of Mysore ordered the celebration of the day on a grand scale. Ever since, the day is celebrated with great fervor and energy. There are a lot of fabulous tales associated with the day. According to Ramayana,
Ravana plays a main role in the Ramayana. Ravana had a sister famous as Shoorpanakha. She fell in love with the brothers Rama and Lakshamana and wanted to wed one of them. Lakshamana rejected to wed her and Rama could not as he was previously married to Sita.
Shoorpanakha intimidate to kill Sita, so that she could wed Rama. This infuriates Lakshamana who cut off Shoorpanakha’s nose and ears. Ravana then abduct Sita to avenge his sister’s injuries. Rama and Lakshamana future fought a battle to rescue Sita. The monkey god Hanuman and a huge military of monkeys help out them.
Ravana was slaughter by Lord Rama on this day as revenge against the merciless act of abduction Goddess Sita by the former. Mythology also has it that Goddess Durga killed monster Mahishasura after a long spell of cruelty and harassment by Mahishasura. Another story related with the origins of this day is the raining of gold coins. After Kautsa requested King Raghu for 140 million coins to provide an offering to his Guru in return for his lore, Raghuraja went to Indra for help who then requested Lord Kuber to rain coins on the city of Ayodhya. After giving 140 million coins to his Guru, Kautsa distributed the rest to the people of Ayodhya.
Dussehra also symbols the end of the auspicious nine-day festival named Navratri. On the day of Dussehra, the deities connected on the first day of the Navratri are immersed in water, and devotees, who involve on fast during the nine days, visit each other and reciprocation sweets. Every year, plays are completed in different parts of the country, which re-enacts Hindu deity Rama’s combat to kill the 10-headed monster king Ravana. Ramleela play is one of the oldest and most famous acts in India, and is performed at the Red Fort ground, New Delhi by the Luv Kush Ramlila Committee. Hundreds of people flock to watch the play, which is based on the epic Ramayana.
Mainly, the day is famous to commemorate the prevalence of good over evil. The day is famous on a large scale in India as well as in Bangladesh. The greatest famous Dussehra celebrations in India are those in the city of Mysore. Goddess Chamundeshwari is worshipped on this day and a grand procession of her idol is taken out across the city.